HEAT INDEX Weather data – Derived Variables
Parameters Used: Outside Air Temperature and Outside Humidity
What is it?
Heat Index uses temperature and relative humidity to determine how hot the air actually “feels.” When humidity is low, the apparent temperature will be lower than the air temperature, since perspiration evaporates rapidly to cool the body. However, when humidity is high (i.e., the air is saturated with water vapor) the apparent temperature “feels” higher than the actual air temperature, because perspiration evaporates more slowly.
Heat Index is based upon a lookup table presented by Steadman (1979) and loosely derived from the methodology outlined by Steadman (1998). Thus, air temperatures below 50°F follow this 1998 procedure. Air temperatures above 68°F follow his procedure outlined in 1979 (since the US NWS continues to use this). Davis has made a smooth transition between the two methods between 50°F and 68°F.
The formula Davis uses is also used by the US National Weather Service. Heat Index can also be used to determine indoor comfort levels.
Steadman, R.G., 1979: The Assessment of Sultriness, Part I: A Temperature-Humidity Index Based on Human Physiology and Clothing Science. Journal of Applied Meteorology, July 1979
“Media Guide to NWS Products and Services”, National Weather Service Forecast Office, Monterey, CA, 1995.
Quayle, R.G. and Steadman, R.G., 1998: The Steadman Wind Chill: An Improvement over Present Scales. Weather and Forecasting, December 1998
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